Is Canada’s New Prime Minister Trudeau a Radical Muslim?
December 27, 2016
This Video by the Still Report #488 says it all.
Is Justin Trudeau working for the best interests of Canadians? Or has he given his power and Authority unto Islam.
Trudeau says that Islam and Canada share the same values.
Islam means submission, there is no democracy in Islam.
Islam is a Theocracy which uses Deception, Lying and Taqiyya, to pursue its political agenda to obtain and maintain power, any opposition to Islam would be considered heresy and illegal by the head of the Islamic State.
The Head of the Islamic State, and Islamic Most Holy place is located in Saudi Arabia, according to Wahhabism Islam shall conquer the world. This is what they call the Caliphate and Islamic Jihad.
The Muslim Brotherhood will infiltrate into a Nations Political system to destroy it from within, introduce Sharia Law and turn the Nation into an Islamic State, friendly to the Saudi Royal Family who are descendants of the Prophet Mohammed.
Do you agree with Justin Trudeau?
DEATH THREATS to Canadian journalists for reporting on Muslim sex attacks on high schools girls
There is a story unfolding in Canada that should be on the front page of every newspaper not just in Canada, but all over the West. But it’s not which is, in and of itself, a major story.
The Mississauga Gazette published an article, “Bonnie’s Muslims Are Molesting Teenage Girls in Mississauga High Schools” [scroll down].
This is not new. We have seen these attacks everywhere with large Muslim populations, like Mississauga. The UK is rife with thousands of Muslim child sex trafficking gangs and reports of mass sexual attacks across Europe in the wake of the Muslim invasion are rampant. As are the cover-ups. Canada is following the same suicidal path.
This website’s readers are long familiar with Mississauga, home of Aqsa Parvez, who was honor murdered by her father and brother for her refusal to wear the hijab. Atlas readers contributed to a memorial grove in her name (and the victims of honor killings worldwide).
Instead of issuing an investigation of the sex attacks on minor infidel girls, the craven Mississauga mayor Bonnie Crombie a filed hate crime complaint against paper. Muslims have issued numerous death threats, The journalist quit. The article was pulled by the publisher who declared it “public domain” and called for those who stand in defense of freedom to reprint it.
It’s the death, the murder, of free speech. Speech that is offensive to some must not be curtailed, but protected. If speech that offends a group is outlawed, that group has absolute power, and a free society is destroyed. A group that cannot be criticized cannot be opposed. It can work its will no matter what it is, and no one will be able to say anything to stop it.
And that is what is happening.
A PUBLIC STATEMENT
10/07/2016, 11:45am EDT
By Acton Michaels
Please Stop The Threats
Good morning Mississauga,
To the men on the phone issuing death threats to our staff. You have succeeded in doing three things:
- Forcing a young lady to quit the Mississauga Gazette.
- Proving my point about the dangers of willful blindness on the part of Canadians.
- Proving that freedom of speech is a thing of the past.
I have taken this article down for now as I don’t want violence brought upon my team. Journalists and Columnists should be free to report on the news in Canada without fearing for their lives.
WE NOW DO.
If any of you have made copies of the article, I declare the article IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN. Go ahead and publish it, monetize and so whatever you wish with it.
I am curious to see how all media outlets in this country are going to portray this. I really hope that the death threats we have had to endure make into the story. Well Canada, now you know the harsh reality of life.
Freedom of speech is dead. Select religions can threaten you with death, and your politicians and newspapers will SUPPORT THEM and not the honour of all the men and women who have died to ensure that you all have the right to walk on safe streets and say what you want to say.
Canada is just about dead, and you have all given your country away without a fight. I weep for the Maple Leaf and I weep for the future, as it won’t be one of peace, prosperity and happiness as my generation enjoyed.
Go and be with your families. Go and enjoy your freedom while you have it, and stay off the Internet if you think it’s going to make you angry.
THERE WILL BE NO FURTHER PUBLIC STATEMENTS MADE ON THIS ISSUE. HAPPY THANKSGIVING.
Here is the original article:
“Bonnie’s Muslims Are Molesting Teenage Girls in Mississauga Highschools, ” reprinted at Muslimland Comic, thanks to Mir:Article Originally From www.MississaugaGazette.comWe knew it had to happen. Our dear Mayor Bonnie Crombie was purchased in 2015 by the Meadowvale Islamic Centre owners and she, because of her love of their money and her narcissism run amok, is converting Mississauga into a dangerous Islamic war zone, and she wants us to be happy about it.
For those of you who don’t know, Bonnie Crombie and her convicted criminal husband have a gay son between them. As a huge supporter of the LGBT community as the Gazette is, we have incredible reservations about the influx of Islam into Canada and the GTA, as any true follower of Islam wants gay people dead.
Europe’s Muslim Rapists Are Here Mississauga, What Are You Going To Do About It?
For those of you who don’t know, Bonnie Crombie and her convicted criminal husband have a gay son between them. As a huge supporter of the LGBT community as the Gazette is, we have incredible reservations about the influx of Islam into Canada and the GTA, as any true follower of Islam wants gay people dead.
You heard me correctly. Bonnie Crombie is helping convert Mississauga to Islam so that they can kill her son just for being gay. Now, we know her family, and her gay son. He is not a good gay, in any way. He is whiny, rude and has no independence of any kind. Gay males have an innate ability to become independent at very young ages and are often men long before their straight counterparts.
This boy however needs mommy mayor to wipe his nose for him, and perhaps other areas too.
However, I am not here to insult the mayor’s family, I am here to tell you that our mayor’s misguided need to have Muslim money in her pocket is going to destroy your family.
I took a call this morning from the father of a grade 10 girl at Rick Hanson Secondary School in Mississauga whose daughter is now the victim of Muslim boys doing what they do best.
When you import a culture that is adamant in following the rules and guidelines set forth 1400 years ago by a child-rapist the only thing that you can achieve is the destruction of your own nation, and congratulations Bonnie, you have started Mississauga’s downfall by pledging allegiance to money and humanity’s worst enemy.
Robert as he been asked to be named has blonde daughter who is a victim of Bonnie Crombie and her Muslims and has been since she started school in grade 9. Muslim boys grope her, rub on her and push her when she rejects the advances.
She has been called ‘slut’ close to every day of her Mississauga high-school life by Muslim boys and the school, as is true Canada wide, has done nothing about it from day one. All any sadistic and misogynistic Muslim boy or parent has to do is shout the word “racist” at the principal and she’ll back down. Your children’s safety will never be considered when cowards would rather keep their jobs than do their jobs.
Naturally, the school has refused to comment, naturally.
Well Mississauga, if you want the truth you are going to have to take the law into your own hands, and most likely soon. The Mayor is importing more Muslims, they give her more money, so she imports more Muslims and the vicious cycle of new clothes, makeup and nails for Bonnie will equate to dead daughters for you.
Remember, your leaders have failed you and worse, they have sold you out to a culture that wants you dead for no reason of any value. Please Mississauga, please put all of your daughters into serious martial arts training. Make sure the training includes eye-gouging, genital destruction and knife-fighting. It is now time that you send your girls to school armed with weapons that can be hidden well and end a rape in seconds, because Bonnie won’t rest until all girls in Mississauga are victims of rich rapists.
Thank you Bonnie, thank you for making the streets that were safe into the stuff that nightmares are made of.
Mississauga Mayor Bonnie Crombie says she has filed a hate-crime complaint with Peel police after a local website published an article claiming the mayor is trying to convert the city to Islam so “they can kill her son just for being gay.”
The article, published by the Mississauga Gazette on Friday, also claims that Crombie “won’t rest until all girls in Mississauga are victims of rich rapists,” describing the actions of Muslim boys in Mississauga high schools, claiming they routinely assault girls.
“Racism and flat-out lies have no place in Mississauga,” Crombie said Saturday.
“I was very disturbed. I have sent the article to Peel police . . . To paint any group like this, based on religion or ethnicity or anything, is reprehensible.”
Crombie said she has also contacted her own lawyer to address what she believes is a libel against her. The article’s listed author is Acton Michaels, identified as the Gazette’s editor in chief. He did not respond to the Star.
A man who confirmed to the Star that he’s the webmaster and co-owner of the Gazette said that though he might have posted the article, he is not responsible for it. “I’m responsible for the stuff I write . . . everybody else, I just put the content up,” said Kevin Johnston.
“To be honest with you, I didn’t entirely read the article, I just knew it was about young ladies being pestered by Muslim boys at a high school.”
Johnston said his recollection is that he launched the publication in 2014. According to the website, which features numerous ads promoting restaurants, sports leagues, developers and at least one of Canada’s major banks, the Mississauga Gazette has 13 people working for it including Johnston and Michaels.
Asked if he will remove the article from the website, Johnston said, “If I’m instructed by a court of law with my name on the court order to remove something, I certainly would.” He also said it will be removed if one of the website’s investors or co-owners asked him to do so.
Asked if it would be removed for any possible legal issue, he responded: “Would I do it because you’re suggesting that some article . . . that was placed on a website should come down because . . . Bonnie thinks it should? No, I wouldn’t do that.”
Last year Crombie publicly criticized Johnston during a council meeting after he spread literature denigrating the Muslim community while advocating against the construction of a proposed new mosque. Crombie, city staff and all but one councillor supported the mosque’s construction, which was approved.
After the Gazette article’s publication, Johnston said, the Muslim community is “the only community that (Crombie is) doing anything for. I mean, come on, we have Islamic Heritage Month now in Ontario for the entire month of October. I take issue with that.”
Since being elected in 2014, Crombie has helped organize an effort to raise $5 million to settle Syrian refugees, championed the new mosque’s construction and last month led a push for a city-wide parking exemption to accommodate celebrations for Eid al-Adha, a significant Islamic holy day.
The article published Friday includes the headline, “Bonnie’s Muslims Are Molesting Teenage Girls in Mississauga Highschools.” It claims that Michaels was told by the father of a Grade 10 student at Rick Hansen Secondary School that she has been routinely assaulted by Muslim boys there. The article claims that the school has refused to comment and that such incidents involving Muslim boys are common in Mississauga high schools.
Carla Pereira, manager of communications for the Peel District School Board, which includes Rick Hansen Secondary, told the Star Saturday that the school’s principal and vice-principals have “never heard of” the allegations in the article before.
Regarding the Gazette article’s claim that the school has refused to comment, Pereira said, “They did not call the school for a comment.”
She said the alleged behaviour by male Muslim students is “not anything we’re seeing in our schools.”
The National Council of Canadian Muslims, an advocacy group based in Ottawa, described the article as an act of hate.
“The writer of this screed should certainly be investigated by the authorities for promoting hatred and potentially inciting violence, as he clearly calls on people to ‘take the law into their own hands,’ which could be interpreted in a number of dangerous ways,” said spokesperson Amira Elghawaby.
Crombie said it’s not the attacks on her she’s most disturbed by, it’s the article’s attacks on her family, as well as the entire Muslim community.
“Even though the attacks against me need to be dealt with, attacking my family is way out of bounds. And ever since the mosque debate, the Muslim community has taken the high road. But this has crossed the line.”
The Gazette also features advertisements for three Mississauga city councillors. Chris Fonseca, Jim Tovey and Pat Saito all said they had no idea the publication was running ads for them on its website and that it was done without their authorization.
“I’m disgusted,” Tovey said, after seeing the article, adding “It’s just awful.” He said he will contact his lawyer about the matter.
Fonseca said the article does not represent Mississauga values and its rich diversity.
Half of world’s Muslims are inbred due to generations of incest
Here’s an explanation for Islamic terrorism that’s never proffered:
Insanity and Stupidity
A never-spoken-about problem with Muslims is their inbreeding as a result of their long and deeply-ingrained practice of marrying first cousins — a practice that has been prohibited in the Judeo-Christian tradition since the days of Moses.
More than 7 years ago, the UK’s environment minister Phil Woolas had sounded the alarm about this “very sensitive” issue that is “rarely debated”. Referring to the culture of arranged marriages between cousins in the Muslim immigrant community, Woolas said: “If you have a child with your cousin the likelihood is there’ll be a genetic problem.”
Woolas, whose views are supported by medical experts, said most cases occur in immigrant families from rural Pakistan, where up to half of all marriages involve first cousins. Woolas said: “If you talk to any primary care worker they will tell you that levels of disability among the . . . Pakistani population are higher than the general population. And everybody knows it’s caused by first cousin marriage.”
The problem is made worse by generational inbreeding. As Woolas put it, “Many of the parents themselves and many of the public spokespeople are themselves products of first cousin marriages.” That would explain why research for BBC2’s Newsnight in November 2005 showed that British Pakistanis accounted for 3.4% of all births but 30% of all British children with recessive genetic disorders.
Indeed, an entry in Wikipedia confirms that “Cousin marriages in Muslim majority countries are often preferred and even encouraged in some regions,” and points to the fact that prophet Muhammad himself had married cousins.
But the problem isn’t exclusive to Pakistani Muslims as Woolas seems to imply, but is pandemic among Muslims across the world.
According to Nicolai Sennels, a Danish psychologist who has done extensive research into Muslim inbreeding, close to half of all Muslims in the world are inbred:
- 70% of Pakistanis are inbred.
- 67% of Saudi Arabians are inbred.
- 64% of those living in Jordan and Kuwait are inbred.
- 63% of Sudanese are inbred.
- 60% of Iraqis are inbred.
- 54% of Muslims in the United Arab Emirates and Qatar are inbred.
- 25-30% of those in Turkey are inbred.
- In England, at least 55% of Pakistani immigrants are married to their first cousins.
- In Denmark the number of inbred Pakistani immigrants is around 40%.
Sennels points out that cousin marriage was sanctioned by Muhammad and has been going on now for 50 generations (1,400 years) in the Muslim world. This practice of inbreeding will never go away in the Muslim world since Muhammad is the ultimate example and authority on all matters, including marriage.
Sennels warns that massive inbreeding in Muslim culture may well have done virtually irreversible damage to the Muslim gene pool, including extensive damage to Muslims’ intelligence, sanity, and health. (Similar effects were seen in the Pharaonic dynasties in ancient Egypt and in the British royal family, where inbreeding was the norm for a significant period of time.)
Below are the consequences of inbreeding:
1. Birth and birth defects:
- 100% increase in the risk of stillbirths.
- 50% increase in the risk that the child dies during labor.
- The risk of autosomal recessive genetic disorders such as cystic fibrosis and spinal muscular atrophy is 18 times higher.
- The risk of death due to malformations is 10 times higher.
2. Physical and mental retardation and illnesses:
- The closer the blood relative, the higher the risk of mental and physical retardation and schizophrenic illness.
- The closer the blood relative, the higher the risk of schizophrenic illness, i.e., insanity.
- Social abilities develop much slower in inbred babies. An academic paper published in the Indian National Science Academy found that “the onset of various social profiles like visual fixation, social smile, sound seizures, oral expression and hand-grasping are significantly delayed among the new-born inbred babies.”
- Research shows that if one’s parents are cousins, intelligence goes down 10-16 IQ points. The risk of having an IQ lower than 70, the official demarcation for being classified as “retarded,” increases by 400% among children of cousin marriages.
All of which would explain the following phenomena among Muslims (Source:Nicolai Sennels):
- 1 out of every 3 Somalis are mentally ill.
- More than 40% of the patients in Denmark‘s biggest ward for clinically insane criminals have an immigrant (i.e., Muslim) background.
- One-third of all handicapped people in Copenhagen have a “foreign” (i.e., Muslim) background.
- In Denmark, psychologist Sennels’ native country, “non-Western” immigrants (who are mainly Muslim) are more than 300% more likely to fail the intelligence test required for entrance into the Danish army.
- In Denmark, Muslim children are grossly overrepresented among children with special needs. One-third of the budget for Danish schools is consumed by special education.
- 64% of school children with Arabic parents in Denmark are still illiterate after 10 years in the Danish school system. The immigrant drop-out rate in Danish high schools is twice that of the native-born.
- The U.S. is not immune. According to Sennels, “One study based on 300,000 Americans shows that the majority of Muslims in the USA have a lower income, are less educated, and have worse jobs than the population as a whole.”
Muslims’ average lower IQ means a lowered ability to enjoy and produce knowledge and abstract thinking, which would explain why:
- The Arab world translates just 330 books every year, about 20% of what Greece alone does. In the last 1,200 years years of Islam, just 100,000 books have been translated into Arabic, about what Spain does in a single year.
- 7 out of 10 Turks have never even read a book.
- Only 9 Muslims had ever won the Nobel Prize, and 5 of those 9 were for the “Peace Prize.”
- According to Nature magazine, Muslim countries produce just 10% of the world average when it comes to scientific research (measured by articles per million inhabitants).
The troubling reality being referred to is the widespread practice of Muslim inbreeding and the birth defects and social ills that it spawns.
The tragic effect of the Left’s control of the boundaries of debate is that any discussion about vital issues such as these marks an individual as an “Islamophobe” and a “racist.”
A person who dares to point at the pathology of inbreeding in the Muslim community is accused of whipping up hatred against Muslim people.
But all of this could not be further from the truth. To fight against inbreeding anywhere is to defend humanity and to defend innocent babies from birth defects….
Let us keep in mind that Muslims are the first — though maybe not the biggest — victims of Islam….
In fact, it is the Left’s callous silence on this issue (and on so many others) that exposes who is truly “anti-Muslim.”
- No joke: Muslim men really do rape goats
- Pact with the devil: Obama’s Pentagon tells our soldiers in Afghanistan to ignore child sex abuse
- Muslim man molests blonde store mannequin
- World-renown Islamic university teaches it’s okay for Muslims to cannibalize Jews and Christians
- Muslim cannibalism: Syrian rebel cuts out, eats enemy’s heart
- Syrian Muslims infected with Kuru, a disease of cannibals
- Syrian Muslims kill Christians as human sacrifice
- Imam: Sodomy widens your anus for Jihad!
- Egyptian imam says it’s OK to be a peeping Tom
- Saudi Arabia’s top religious leader okays pedophilia
- Muslim pedophilia: Afghan parliament rejects proposed law banning child brides
- U.S. imam: Muslims can take the property of Christians and Jews
- Why Muslims hate dogs
Interview with psychologist Nicolai Sennels: “Muslims instinctively see our lack of reaction as fear, its an invitation to attack”
Interview in the Hapeles Orthodox Jewish newspaper. Here is the original English interview
“1) What are the differences between the Muslim and Western man?
Nicolai: Working with Muslim clients I found four important psychological differences. Understanding these differences makes us more able to understand the psychological aspects of integration problems that the West experiences when it comes to Muslim immigrants.
The first difference concerns anger. Western cultures see anger as a weakness, and expression of anger is a way to lose social status. In the Muslim culture, where , “might is right”, anger is seen as strength. Some Muslim communities even declares “days of anger”, where they try to convince others by screaming, shooting in the air and hopping up and down. While we Westerners see such behaviour as embracing or even psychiatric, Muslim cultures defines our lack of aggression as weakness, that can – and should – be exploited. To avoid such invitations to exploitation, we should speak the truth, make demands, be consequent – and carry a big stick.
The second difference concerns honor and self confidence. Inside the Western culture it is generally seen as a sign of honor and self confidence, if we are able to handle criticism either with and shrug (if we disagree) or with a “I think you are right – thanks for helping me to improve”. In Muslim culture, it is honorable to defend against criticism with aggression and exhibit the courage to risk physical confrontation – no matter if the criticism is true or not. Islam can not defend, Islam can only attack. This is why we very seldom hear Muslims defend their religion through logic or reason, but almost always with intimidation and violence: It does not matter who is right, it matters who is the strongest. From the perspective of traditional Muslim culture, the Western concept of honor is dishonorable. It makes us look pathetic and fearful, and for a religion that is basically imperialistic and aggressive, it is an invitation to attack.
The third difference concerns self responsibility, and here the psychological term “locus of control” is important to understand. Western culture leans towards an inner locus of control, meaning that we think that our lives are mainly governed by inner factors, such as our own choices, our own view and our way of handling our emotions. That is why we have countless therapists, coaches etc., and countless books and magazines, which all aim at helping us to be better at helping ourselves. Muslim culture and especially Islam is strongly characterized by outer locus of control. Everything happens “Inshallah”; almost every aspect of life is regulated by Islamic law, the brutal sharia that steals away so many human rights from the people living under it; male authorities – fathers, big brothers, uncles, imams, etc. – make the rules and have enormous power over especially the women. There is very little room for personal choices and freedoms, and this naturally creates a feeling of outer locus of control: Your life is created by outside factors, and the freedom to explore and train inner locus of control is very limited. This is also the reason for the world famous, and – from a Western perspective – embarrassing and childish victim mentality, that characterizes many Muslim communities and immigrants. When this victim mentality meets with our Western compassion and questions like “what would you like to do”, integration is doomed to fail. Only now Western authorities are beginning to learn that we need to meet Muslim immigrants with demands, consequences – “you have to do this and that and this is the consequences if you do not.” People with outer locus of control mostly have very little control and needs clear communication, a clear frame work and clear consequences if they break the rules. But even though we are starting to realize this now, it might be too late to stop the failed integration of millions of people from this very different culture from destroying our societies.
The fourth difference concerns tolerance and openness. In the West, being “tolerant and open” is considered a de facto definition of a good person. Hundred years ago, “good persons” went to church every Sunday, while today they stand with #RefugeesWelcome signs on train stations. In Islam, at good person is somebody adhering strictly to the sharia, which is very intolerant and closed – even violent – towards outsiders. One does not have to be a rocket scientist to predict how the meeting between to such different cultures will evolve: As a cultural osmosis, the “open” culture will be consumed by the intolerant culture: The cultural exchange will be a one-way street. This is what is eating up our countries these years in the form of Islamic parallel societies that develop into small Gaza Strips with extreme dense population; radical Islam going viral; poverty, low education and dependence on economic support from outside; and a hostile and violent attitude towards their non-Muslim surroundings: A constant source of aggression that needs constant containment in order not to spill over and into its context.
2) What are the characteristics of Arab culture, as expressed in communication with the Western world?
Nicolai: Arab culture’s, or Muslim culture’s exchange with the Western world is mainly characterized by the Western world trying to contain – or sometime even harvest and exploit it through proxy wars – Muslim aggression. There is very little communication based on the two parties being equal. Instead, the West use appeasement, diplomacy, bribing or bombs in an attempt to tame the constant flow of violence and aggressive imperialism. From the Islamic side, they instinctively have spotted our weaknesses mentioned above, and they are convinced that through the power of their god and through patience and intimidation, they will continue and finish the work that their prophet began one and a half millenium ago and which has already emptied most of the Middle East, North Africa and great parts of Asia from non-Muslims.
3) How can a Muslim change and build a different personality that integrates in the western world?
Well, since this would mean that they would have to adopt a long list of human rights (democracy, freedom of speech, sexuality, religion, etc.) that the sharia punishes with death, it would first and foremost be based on security for those wishing to change. We can start by undermining the sources of the sharia, the imams and the mosques.
4) If they are so different, what are they looking for in Western countries?
Nicolai: Safety, freedom, money and material goods, uniting with their families, and spreading the sharia. Unfortunately, on an average, they give very little back to the countries they enter, and often their concept of freedom is not compatible with human rights and democracy. Of course there are also many Muslims who want to really integrate and embrace our values and rights, but much too often they are stopped by their Islamic surroundings or their own lack of motivation or skills.
5) One who does not integrate – what happens to him? When does he turn into a criminal and when does he run a normal life?
Nicolai: To integrate you need three things. You have to want it, you have to be allowed by you Muslim peers and family, and you have to be able to. Much too few Muslim immigrants, refugees and their descendants manages all three. Because of their intolerant culture, they many have very little or no feeling of commitment and thankfulness towards non-Islamic culture and societies. And if our Western welfare societies provides them with food, money and housing – even if they do not integrate one inch – why should they integrate? And if we let radical imams and mosques spread all over, how can we expect that any attempt on integration into our Wester values will be supported by the Muslim community? And if we do not discriminate between what immigrants we take, and therefore end up with millions of illiterate, uneducated and often inbred migrants, how can we expect that they are able to integrate into our high tech, knowledge-based civilized societies?
6) What often happens in the next generation – in both cases?
Nicolai: The first generation often has a sense of thankfulness to the country receiving them. Statistics show that the following generation are more criminal. Those who really integrates often have to live in fear from the practising Muslims. Some even need police protection.
7) What are the consequences of a failed immigration?
Nicolai: Ultimately it will lead to civil war inside our countries. The point where we could handle this challenge without blood, sweat and tears was passed decades ago. I blame our politicians and media.
8) How can the western world deal with it successfully?
Nicolai: a) Stop Muslim immigration. b) Help refugees in their own region, where they feel home with their culture, language and climate. In this way we can afford to help many more, and not just the young men that are sent here. On top, the refugees will not have to live with the extra traumatization that happens when especially disadvantaged people move to a completely other culture. c) Honorary repatriation for non-citizens who are not self-supporting, speaking the language and law abiding. d) Long prison sentences in prisons outsourced outside Europe to Muslim criminals (so they do not radicalize and intimidate non-Muslim prisoners in national prisons, cheaper). e) Close down every mosque and Islamic organisation that do not actively support democratic values and human rights and which do not openly and pro-actively reject the criminal principles and verses of the Islamic scriptures and of the example of their prophet. f) Integration should be based on demands and consequences. Not complying should lead to honorary repatriation.
9) The protesters against Islam-phobia, what leads them? Are they right and honest, or is it a cover for something deeper?
Nicolai: The greatest islamophobes are to be found among the Muslims themselves. Only fear can lead people to accept such a suppressive system. As one imam said, Islam would have been long gone, had it not been for sharia’s death penalty for apostacy. I think Western protesters against “islamophobia” are either afraid to confront an obviously criminal, sexist and fascist ideology and its intolerant and violent adherents, or they are simply being naive and a modern day version of the “good people”. The violent “anti-fascists” I consider a reincarnation, half joking, of the Inquisition.
10) After the Danish Mohammad cartoon was published in the news – what did you learn from the reactions of both sides (Islamic and western)?
Nicolai: We learned that giving into Muslims demands will just lead to more demands. That we have to find our footing, define our values and borders, and we ready to protect them by any means necessary. And Muslims got aquinted with the concept of Free Speech.
11) What reactions do you get from your writings?
Nicolai: I think many people find that a psychological perspective on the subject helps to understand the dynamics of the situation. I have of course been accused of racism from the Left, but I am no racist. Islam is not a race. It is a weapon of mass destruction (that the CIA have been exploiting for decades) and the greatest enemy of peace, freedom, democracy and human rights. I was born into a Leftist family, and the values that I grew up with – the equality of women, a critical view on the dangerous power of religion, and the freedom for the little guy to speak freely – I consider basic values of the Left. I feel today that I am a Leftist, but somehow the world changed, and today basic Leftist values are, if applied to Islam and Muslim culture, considered “far Right”. I do not care. I am true to myself and wish happiness and freedom for everybody, Muslims and non-Muslims.”
Silence from Muslims on Orlando Speaks Volumes
50 Murdered, many more injured by muslim terrorist
Earlier this month, two muslim women decked out in kerchiefs showed their “claws” to the Canadian public. I can thus conclude that when motivated, Urz Heer and Noreen Ahmed-Ullah certainly are not hesitant to speak out against whatever they perceive as injustice.
You may recall that Heer, a long time Liberal who infiltrated the Conservative Party of Canada convention in Vancouver and then launched a tearful diatribe about how the previous (Harper) government was somehow defeated by the sheer weight of muslim votes that they had offended.
No sooner was Heer’s political affiliations revealed when another muslim immigrant, Noreen Ahmed-Ullah (similarly bedecked) launched her own all-out smear campaign offending her new found home in Brampton Ontario.
The irony of Ahmed-Ullah’s rant is that she targeted Brampton which is perhaps Canada’s most vibrant and tolerant multi-cultural community. Brampton, a community where Christian churches are nestled beside (Sikh) gudwaras, Hindu and Buddhist temples and muslim mosques.
Somehow, despite grave cultural differences, the residents of Ahmed-Ullah’s new found home in southern Ontario have lived, worked, played and worshipped together in this city of 500,000. Despite Ahmed-Ullah’s diatribes that received national press coverage, the City had received several national and international kudos as a prime example of how multi-cultural society can function and thrive.
From what Heer said about Canadian democratic practice and from what Ahmed-Ullah spoke about tolerance, those virtues are simply not enough and represented to Heer and Ahmed-Ullah an offense to their Islamic sensitivities.
What About Canadian Values?
I can only surmise that Heer and Ahmed-Ullah both are in possession of valid passports. As such, they certainly have options to live muslim dominant countries elsewhere but chose to move to Canada. There are any number of places where muslims are in a majority and where shariah law is in use.
I take no offence from anyone pointing out the shortcomings of Canada. In fact, there is still much to do in order to move Canada closer to perfection. However, I take no instructive values from Heer’s displeasure of our political system or Ahmed-Ullah’s perceived injustice about being a minority in a tolerant multi-cultural country like Canada.
In fact, that both these women are here, walking around in kerchiefs and at liberty to speak their minds (???) says plenty.
There is fundamentally a grievous misunderstanding of multi-cultural society on display thanks to Heer and Ahmed-Ullah. While multi-cultural society functions best by way of tolerance for any minority; there can/should be no expectation that the majority as well as those from other minorities should “accept” or “embrace” other religious ideas and skin hues.
In Canada, it is that same open-minded tolerance bolstered by laws that made this country a welcoming “new home” for both Heer and Ahmed-Ullah. By all means’ walk around with a kerchief in Canada. You won’t be mocked or chided because we are a tolerant nation but do not delude yourself to even consider that your unusual beliefs would be easily incorporated into what is distinctly a set of Canadian values based on tolerance. There is ample evidence that many of the tenets of islam are intolerant and concepts entirely at odds with “tolerance”.
What troubles me is the silence from persons such as Heer and Ahmed-Ullah when it comes to evil and treachery practiced in the name of their own “religion” – islam. Frankly, the silence speaks volumes.
It is more than a “bit” odd that they can find fault with national defense policy and a world-wide war on terrorism and communities within communities that Ahmed-Ullah categorized as “ghettos” and yet say nothing about 9-11; San Bernardino (Calf); attacks by muslims on parliament hill, a military base in Quebec and a military recruiting office in Toronto.
Is there no offence (in their minds) to jihad?
The Trudeau Government
In seven months, Justin Trudeau has shown me very little that has the slightest comprehension of Canadians or Canadian values.
His perceived infatuation with islam is troubling. In fact, those photo opportunities in mosques are sending out warning signals to many in this cultural mosaic that is Canada.
Distancing our country from the global war on Islamic terrorism is sending out the wrong message as to Canadian nationalism. In fact, our long standing tradition of military intervention for the causes of world-wide good is part of the fabric of Canada.
Trudeau’s love for islam and for islamists It is not going unnoticed by other minorities here inside Canada. I am blessed with many friends and (yes) many more still on social media platforms.
There are over 700,000 Filipino expatriates in Canada. I continuously here grave concerns from my Filipino friends that fled Islamic extremism at the hands of Abu Sayyaf and dread the idea that Islamic terrorism is seen to be establishing itself inside of Canada by way of Justin Trudeau’s acquiesce.
Similarly, my wide circle of genuine friends includes a large number of Sikhs and Hindus. The Sikh Diaspora number over 500,000 while another 500,000 practice the Hindu faith here in Canada.
We benefit greatly from a large number of foreign language newspapers that are published daily and widely circulated in Canada. A month ago, ISIS announced plans to expand terrorist activities into India. My Hindu and Sikh neighbors and friends genuinely worry over Trudeau’s love for islam and are aggrieved to think that their families in India may become targets – even worse if some of the insurgents were radicalized here in Canada.
There are over 18 million women in Canada who are beginning to identify huge schisms between Justin Trudeau’s avowed “love” for feminism and his covert willingness to push Canada into a very bad space for women. Sharia (islamic) law is an anathema and toxic abhorrence for all women and especially for genuine feminists (yes, I too consider myself to be a feminist).
Again, it is not going unnoticed by women in Canada that Trudeau has in his parliamentary cabinet Omar Alghabra (MP Mississauga Centre), a Sharia Law Supporter, is the new Parliamentary Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Alguabra is a close advisor and confidant of Prime Minster Trudeau.
Collectively, the perfect storm is forming inside of Canada and, sadly, media such as the Toronto Star and CBC have abdicated objective journalistic practice and opted to become a silly-public relations firm for the PMO. Alas, truths are becoming public.
Latest Insult to Our Service Men and Women
More than 40,000 Canadian men and women served in Afghanistan. Sadly, 158 Canadian Armed Forces members died in the cause of peace and freedom in Afghanistan. We share in the loss and sorrow felt by the families of those who paid the ultimate price in that war on terrorism.
It was most fitting and hugely appropriate that in its final days in office, the previous government had announced plans to erect a monument (in Ottawa) paying tribute to the 40,000 heroes who volunteered to exemplify our proudest Canadian values including women’s rights on the sands of Afghanistan.
For some perverse reason, the Trudeau government has scuttled plans for the Afghan Mission Monument. Such a tribute apparently rubs the sensitivities of Trudeau’s muslim friends as being offensive.
There are fundamental flaws in Trudeau (and his caucsus’) approach toward governing Canada. The truth is that the majority of Canadians voted against Mr. Trudeau and the other Liberal Members of Parliament.
There is nothing in the “mandate” handed to Trudeau that gives license to repudiate basic Canadian values or sensitivities. There is something mean spirited and malignant in watching Trudeau target and destroy Canadian values simply because (a) he can and (b) because those values were valued by his predecessor.
I urge ALL Canadians to contact your own Member of Parliament and let them know that you have drawn a line and will not accept insults to our military personnel. Build the monument!
You can follow Lloyd by way of Twitter (@LloydFournier1 )
Copyright Thunderbird Rising 2016
The above article is copyrighted. You may use, copy or distribute this article conditional on attributing your source (Thunderbird Rising) and the author (Lloyd Fournier)
The Muslim Brotherhood is busy buying off school districts to indoctrinate your kids with Islamic propaganda. Source: Qatar Gives $100,000 to Texas School to Push Arabic Language and Culture h/t europenews
The Qatar Foundation International (QFI) granted $100,000 to a Texas school district to promote Arabic language and culture classes that begin next school year. This marks the third school district in Texas to accept funds from the Qatari non-profit’s global gift-giving arm.
The Austin Independent School District accepted the $100,000 from QFI to jump start new Arabic language and culture classes coming to three of its campuses in Fall 2016. The grant funds teacher salaries, curriculum development, instructional materials and unnamed resources.
Also, the University of Texas at Austin’s Arabic Flagship Program supports Austin ISD’s new Arabic classes. UT-Austin is one of four federally funded Arabic flagship college campus programs nationwide. Other participating universities are in Arizona, Maryland, and Oklahoma. The program started in 2000.
The Flagship Language program says it strives to prepare students to enter college with a “measurable” second language skill and to “push the model” to the elementary level, calling it vital to “educate a citizenry prepared to address the nation’s well-being in the 21st century.” The language program currently boasts 27 Flagship centers that provide a pathway to professional-level proficiency in Arabic, Chinese, Hindi-Urdu, Korean, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, and Turkish.
In May, Austin ISD World Languages Coordinator Tina Dong called it paramount that the school district prepares students for college, career, and life by “equipping them with the skills needed to authentically interact with individuals from diverse cultures.” The school district folded the Arabic language and its culture among its clarion call. In a press release, Austin ISD described QFI as committed to providing skills “to enable K-12 students to be engaged global citizens through education.”
Last year, Breitbart Texas reported Al Jazeera creator Sheikh bin Al Thani, reputedly associated with the Muslim Brotherhood, created QFI. The organization gives to educational causes. In 2011, they partnered with the U.S. Department of Education’s Connect All Schools consortium “to connect every school in the U.S. with the world by 2016” digitally, which President Obama unveiled in his 2009 speech delivered from Cairo. QFI grants monies to over 20 U.S. schools in 10 states, reaching over 2,400 students.
According to QFI, their support comes with the intention to establish or expand Arabic and culture programs in K-12 public and public charter schools. In addition to Texas, benefitting schools are located in Arizona, California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Utah, and the District of Columbia. QFI also funds programs in schools across the United Kingdom and in Brazil.
QFI Executive Director Maggie Mitchell Salem welcomed three Austin public schools in “joining our growing network of partner schools across the U.S., making it a total of 24 K-12 schools across the nation invested in Arabic language and Arab culture education in 2016.”
In 2015, QFI granted Houston ISD $75,000 to jump start its Arabic immersion magnet school, which Breitbart Texas reported. QFI also funded Austin suburb Pflugerville ISD’s Arabic secondary programs at two high schools.
Of the chosen Austin ISD campuses, Burnet Middle School already offers a signature College and Careers in a Global Society program. Austin High School has its Academy for Global Studies with an international focus, according to the press release. The third public school International High shares a campus with Eastside Memorial High, which will have access to the course.
Breitbart Texas also asked Young about what Islamic culture will be taught in these Arabic classes. She said “Unfortunately, it is too early to provide examples because the curriculum will not be developed until the summer.”
By way of example, Young pointed out the district’s “Korean enrichment course already in place at Travis High School includes cultural topics such as traditional dress worn by men and women, as well as Korean food traditions.”
She said teachers of these new Arabic courses will work with the coordinator for three weeks this summer to develop thematic units of instruction alighted with the state standards for Languages Other Than English (LOTE).
Young added: “Culture is a major goal area in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) for LOTE instruction. When studying culture, the expectation in the classroom, regardless of the language, is that students explore the products and the practices of the target culture.”
She continued, “Most importantly, student expectations include the ability to relate these products and practices to their underlying perspectives. In so doing, students are able to access higher order thinking skills as well as gain a deeper understanding of that culture being studied. An example of a product of culture would be French fashion. An example of a practice would be German board games. Students are expected to evaluate the perspectives that underscore why French fashion and German board games are important to the culture of that group.”
It’s not too early too tell. It will be pure Islamic indoctrination: Islam prayers, Koran verses, praising Muhammad, visits to mosques, forcing little girls to wear Islamic clothing and no mention of jihad, sharia, stonings, beheadings, FGM, rape-jihad, polygamy, child marriages, acid throwing, honor killing or anything that has truly defined Islam over the centuries.
US Muslim leader at Chicago conference: “Islam is here to dominate”
How many Muslims in the U.S. agree with Haitham Ibn Thbait? No one dares to ask such a question, of course; that would be “Islamophobic.”
“An American Hizb Ut-Tahrir Leader Exhorts Muslims to Refrain from Voting in U.S. Elections, Says: Islam Is Here to Dominate,” MEMRI, May 15, 2016:
Haitham Ibn Thbait, of the American chapter of Hizb Ut-Tahrir, recently exhorted American Muslims to avoid falling into the “electoral trap” and called upon them not to vote in the U.S. elections, saying that getting Muslims to vote was part of an effort to assimilate them and that they had been “tricked” into voting for Clinton, Bush, and Obama in the past. Speaking at the Khilafah 2016 conference, held in Chicago on May 15, Ibn Thbait further called Obama a “terrorist” and said that “Islam is here to dominate.” The address was posted on YouTube by Hizb Ut-Tahrir on May 20.
Following are excerpts
Haitham Ibn Thbait: The Prophet said: “There is no god but Allah.” Instead the [elites of Mecca] rejected. They offered the Prophet wealth, status, and political representation – a seat on the executive branch within Mecca’s secular order – all to avoid this statement and its implications. Yet he rejected their offers and continued his journey towards radical change, providing us with step-by-step instructions on how to make this religion supreme.
The elites of Mecca would use every possible measure to coerce or contain Muhammad’s call for change within specific parameters. Those parameters would permit the changing of anything that did not threaten their system and infringe on their power. But this message is not here to integrate. It is here to dominate. Islam is here to dominate! This was an ideological struggle, the sole purpose of which was to organize Man’s affairs in accordance with a system revealed by Allah.
Crowd member: Say: “Allah Akbar!”
Crowd: Allah Akbar!
Crowd member: Say: “Allah Akbar!”
Crowd: Allah Akbar!
Crowd member: Say: “Allah Akbar!”
Crowd: Allah Akbar!
Crowd member: Say: There is no god but Allah!
Crowd: There is no god but Allah!
Crowd member: Say: There is no god but Allah!
Crowd: There is no god but Allah!
Crowd member: Say: There is no god but Allah!
Crowd: There is no god but Allah!
Haitham Ibn Thbait: There was no room for compromise. Instead Allah revealed to the Prophet, saying: “Proclaim openly, as commanded, and turn away from those who associate others with Allah.” “Proclaim openly, as commanded by Allah” – this is our activism. It is free of polytheism, the polytheism of a secular system. Activism within a flawed infidel system is forbidden.
You cannot raise your hands to Allah, while extending your hands to men for legislation. Every four years, you do just that. Muslims are pressured to get out there and vote, believing somehow that their insignificant numbers have an impact. The effort to get Muslims out there to vote has never been about their significance. It is part of an effort to assimilate Muslims.
They have tricked Muslims into voting for Clinton, who went on to starve half a million children in Iraq to death. They tricked Muslims into voting for Bush, who went on to bomb two Muslim countries and kill millions. And they went on to trick Muslims to vote for Obama, who bombed seven Muslim countries and killed millions.
The argument used was always the “lesser of evils.” So now, killing millions of Muslims is a “lesser evil.” “What is the matter with you? How do you judge?” [Quran 68:36] The ballots have brought you nothing but disgrace, and have soaked you with the blood of your Muslim brothers and sisters. The problem with their system is not the scores of dead. It is deeper than that. It is their secular faith. It is in direct opposition with our creed, when Allah says: “Legislation belongs to none other than Allah.”
Muhammad and his companions established for us a political system where sovereignty belongs to Allah and not to the elites, where politics meant caring for the affairs of Mankind, not only the elites, where da’wa was conveyed to the whole of society, not only to the oppressed and excluding the elites. This system was not for the 99% or the 1%. This system was for the 100%. For those of us in the West, Allah granted us the opportunity to be amidst a people so misinformed that the truth we offer will resonate. Our voice is our greatest weapon, and our silence is our worst enemy.
We have seen Obama in Cairo, and later in Baltimore, reinforcing what type of Islam is acceptable. Brothers and sisters, Obama is not an Islamic reference. He is a terrorist. He represents a system of terrorism. How dare we allow him to teach us what Islam is?
Crowd member: Say: “Allah Akbar!”
Crowd: Allah Akbar!
Crowd member: Say: “Allah Akbar!”
Crowd: Allah Akbar!
Crowd member: Say: “Allah Akbar!”
Crowd: Allah Akbar!
Crowd member: Allah is our Lord, and the infidels have no lord.
Crowd: Allah is our Lord, and the infidels have no lord.
They want to entice you and intimidate you into embracing their way of life. They want to change our Islam We are not their puppets. We are a cure and a mercy. We carry a comprehensive system of solutions for Mankind, and we should act accordingly. Muslims in the West are a part of this struggle. We should not underestimate our impact in this global effort. We need to be honest about who we are, what our global program is, and advocate for the system of Islam, wherever we may be, and explain it to Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Don’t fall into the electoral trap.
Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse? Science, Engineering, and Speculation
Article from the JOM web site:
This article explains exactly why the towers fell on 9/11. I have heard and read all the other explanations, many of which blame the US Gov for the collapse. I do not believe the gov would endanger the lives of thousands of Americans for any reason, never mind to simply go to war. This attack was well documented, analysed and scrutinized. If it was a conspiracy, it would have had to begun during the Clinton administration, since the terrorists who took over the planes were trained in Florida during that time. Bush was President for 6 months when this occurred and could not have created such a scheme as to plant explosives, hide planes, plan for missile attacks, etc. I don’t believe it would be possible. RSC
Editor’s Note: For a more complete. updated analysis of the World Trade Center towers collapse, read “The Role of Metallurgy in the NIST Investigation of the World Trade Center Towers Collapse” in the December 2007 issue.
There have been numerous reports detailing the cause of the World Trade Center Tower collapse on September 11, 2001. Most have provided qualitative explanations; however, simple quantitative analyses show that some common conclusions are incorrect; for example, the steel could not melt in these flames and there was more structural damage than merely softening of the steel at elevated temperatures. Some guidelines for improvements in future structures are presented.
The collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers on September 11, 2001, was as sudden as it was dramatic; the complete destruction of such massive buildings shocked nearly everyone. Immediately afterward and even today, there is widespread speculation that the buildings were structurally deficient, that the steel columns melted, or that the fire suppression equipment failed to operate. In order to separate the fact from the fiction, we have attempted to quantify various details of the collapse.
The major events include the following:
Each will be discussed separately, but initially it is useful to review the overall design of the towers.
The towers were designed and built in the mid-1960s through the early 1970s. They represented a new approach to skyscrapers in that they were to be very lightweight and involved modular construction methods in order to accelerate the schedule and to reduce the costs.
To a structural engineer, a skyscraper is modeled as a large cantilever vertical column. Each tower was 64 m square, standing 411 m above street level and 21 m below grade. This produces a height-to-width ratio of 6.8. The total weight of the structure was roughly 500,000 t, but wind load, rather than the gravity load, dominated the design. The building is a huge sail that must resist a 225 km/h hurricane. It was designed to resist a wind load of 2 kPa—a total of lateral load of 5,000 t.
In order to make each tower capable of withstanding this wind load, the architects selected a lightweight “perimeter tube” design consisting of 244 exterior columns of 36 cm square steel box section on 100 cm centers (see Figure 3). This permitted windows more than one-half meter wide. Inside this outer tube there was a 27 m × 40 m core, which was designed to support the weight of the tower. It also housed the elevators, the stairwells, and the mechanical risers and utilities. Web joists 80 cm tall connected the core to the perimeter at each story. Concrete slabs were poured over these joists to form the floors. In essence, the building is an egg-crate construction that is about 95 percent air, explaining why the rubble after the collapse was only a few stories high.
Figure 1. Flames and debris exploded from the World Trade Center south tower immediately after the airplane’s impact. The black smoke indicates a fuel-rich fire (Getty Images).
Figure 2. As the heat of the fire intensified, the joints on the most severely burned floors gave way, causing the perimeter wall columns to bow outward and the floors above them to fall. The buildings collapsed within ten seconds, hitting bottom with an estimated speed of 200 km/h (Getty Images).
The egg-crate construction made a redundant structure (i.e., if one or two columns were lost, the loads would shift into adjacent columns and the building would remain standing). Prior to the World Trade Center with its lightweight perimeter tube design, most tall buildings contained huge columns on 5 m centers and contained massive amounts of masonry carrying some of the structural load. The WTC was primarily a lightweight steel structure; however, its 244 perimeter columns made it “one of the most redundant and one of the most resilient” skyscrapers.1
The early news reports noted how well the towers withstood the initial impact of the aircraft; however, when one recognizes that the buildings had more than 1,000 times the mass of the aircraft and had been designed to resist steady wind loads of 30 times the weight of the aircraft, this ability to withstand the initial impact is hardly surprising. Furthermore, since there was no significant wind on September 11, the outer perimeter columns were only stressed before the impact to around 1/3 of their 200 MPa design allowable.
The only individual metal component of the aircraft that is comparable in strength to the box perimeter columns of the WTC is the keel beam at the bottom of the aircraft fuselage. While the aircraft impact undoubtedly destroyed several columns in the WTC perimeter wall, the number of columns lost on the initial impact was not large and the loads were shifted to remaining columns in this highly redundant structure. Of equal or even greater significance during this initial impact was the explosion when 90,000 L gallons of jet fuel, comprising nearly 1/3 of the aircraft’s weight, ignited. The ensuing fire was clearly the principal cause of the collapse (Figure 4).
The fire is the most misunderstood part of the WTC collapse. Even today, the media report (and many scientists believe) that the steel melted. It is argued that the jet fuel burns very hot, especially with so much fuel present. This is not true.
Part of the problem is that people (including engineers) often confuse temperature and heat. While they are related, they are not the same. Thermodynamically, the heat contained in a material is related to the temperature through the heat capacity and the density (or mass). Temperature is defined as an intensive property, meaning that it does not vary with the quantity of material, while the heat is an extensive property, which does vary with the amount of material. One way to distinguish the two is to note that if a second log is added to the fireplace, the temperature does not double; it stays roughly the same, but the size of the fire or the length of time the fire burns, or a combination of the two, doubles. Thus, the fact that there were 90,000 L of jet fuel on a few floors of the WTC does not mean that this was an unusually hot fire. The temperature of the fire at the WTC was not unusual, and it was most definitely not capable of melting steel.
In combustion science, there are three basic types of flames, namely, a jet burner, a pre-mixed flame, and a diffuse flame. A jet burner generally involves mixing the fuel and the oxidant in nearly stoichiometric proportions and igniting the mixture in a constant-volume chamber. Since the combustion products cannot expand in the constant-volume chamber, they exit the chamber as a very high velocity, fully combusted, jet. This is what occurs in a jet engine, and this is the flame type that generates the most intense heat.
In a pre-mixed flame, the same nearly stoichiometric mixture is ignited as it exits a nozzle, under constant pressure conditions. It does not attain the flame velocities of a jet burner. An oxyacetylene torch or a Bunsen burner is a pre-mixed flame.
In a diffuse flame, the fuel and the oxidant are not mixed before ignition, but flow together in an uncontrolled manner and combust when the fuel/oxidant ratios reach values within the flammable range. A fireplace flame is a diffuse flame burning in air, as was the WTC fire.
Diffuse flames generate the lowest heat intensities of the three flame types.
If the fuel and the oxidant start at ambient temperature, a maximum flame temperature can be defined. For carbon burning in pure oxygen, the maximum is 3,200°C; for hydrogen it is 2,750°C. Thus, for virtually any hydrocarbons, the maximum flame temperature, starting at ambient temperature and using pure oxygen, is approximately 3,000°C.
This maximum flame temperature is reduced by two-thirds if air is used rather than pure oxygen. The reason is that every molecule of oxygen releases the heat of formation of a molecule of carbon monoxide and a molecule of water. If pure oxygen is used, this heat only needs to heat two molecules (carbon monoxide and water), while with air, these two molecules must be heated plus four molecules of nitrogen. Thus, burning hydrocarbons in air produces only one-third the temperature increase as burning in pure oxygen because three times as many molecules must be heated when air is used. The maximum flame temperature increase for burning hydrocarbons (jet fuel) in air is, thus, about 1,000°C—hardly sufficient to melt steel at 1,500°C.
Figure 3. A cutaway view of WTC structure.
But it is very difficult to reach this maximum temperature with a diffuse flame. There is nothing to ensure that the fuel and air in a diffuse flame are mixed in the best ratio. Typically, diffuse flames are fuel rich, meaning that the excess fuel molecules, which are unburned, must also be heated. It is known that most diffuse fires are fuel rich because blowing on a campfire or using a blacksmith’s bellows increases the rate of combustion by adding more oxygen. This fuel-rich diffuse flame can drop the temperature by up to a factor of two again. This is why the temperatures in a residential fire are usually in the 500°C to 650°C range.2,3 It is known that the WTC fire was a fuel-rich, diffuse flame as evidenced by the copious black smoke. Soot is generated by incompletely burned fuel; hence, the WTC fire was fuel rich—hardly surprising with 90,000 L of jet fuel available. Factors such as flame volume and quantity of soot decrease the radiative heat loss in the fire, moving the temperature closer to the maximum of 1,000°C. However, it is highly unlikely that the steel at the WTC experienced temperatures above the 750–800°C range. All reports that the steel melted at 1,500°C are using imprecise terminology at best.
Some reports suggest that the aluminum from the aircraft ignited, creating very high temperatures. While it is possible to ignite aluminum under special conditions, such conditions are not commonly attained in a hydrocarbon-based diffuse flame. In addition, the flame would be white hot, like a giant sparkler. There was no evidence of such aluminum ignition, which would have been visible even through the dense soot.
It is known that structural steel begins to soften around 425°C and loses about half of its strength at 650°C.4 This is why steel is stress relieved in this temperature range. But even a 50% loss of strength is still insufficient, by itself, to explain the WTC collapse. It was noted above that the wind load controlled the design allowables. The WTC, on this low-wind day, was likely not stressed more than a third of the design allowable, which is roughly one-fifth of the yield strength of the steel. Even with its strength halved, the steel could still support two to three times the stresses imposed by a 650°C fire.
The additional problem was distortion of the steel in the fire. The temperature of the fire was not uniform everywhere, and the temperature on the outside of the box columns was clearly lower than on the side facing the fire. The temperature along the 18 m long joists was certainly not uniform. Given the thermal expansion of steel, a 150°C temperature difference from one location to another will produce yield-level residual stresses. This produced distortions in the slender structural steel, which resulted in buckling failures. Thus, the failure of the steel was due to two factors: loss of strength due to the temperature of the fire, and loss of structural integrity due to distortion of the steel from the non-uniform temperatures in the fire.
Nearly every large building has a redundant design that allows for loss of one primary structural member, such as a column. However, when multiple members fail, the shifting loads eventually overstress the adjacent members and the collapse occurs like a row of dominoes falling down.
The perimeter tube design of the WTC was highly redundant. It survived the loss of several exterior columns due to aircraft impact, but the ensuing fire led to other steel failures. Many structural engineers believe that the weak points—the limiting factors on design allowables—were the angle clips that held the floor joists between the columns on the perimeter wall and the core structure (see Figure 5). With a 700 Pa floor design allowable, each floor should have been able to support approximately 1,300 t beyond its own weight. The total weight of each tower was about 500,000 t.
As the joists on one or two of the most heavily burned floors gave way and the outer box columns began to bow outward, the floors above them also fell. The floor below (with its 1,300 t design capacity) could not support the roughly 45,000 t of ten floors (or more) above crashing down on these angle clips. This started the domino effect that caused the buildings to collapse within ten seconds, hitting bottom with an estimated speed of 200 km per hour. If it had been free fall, with no restraint, the collapse would have only taken eight seconds and would have impacted at 300 km/h.1 It has been suggested that it was fortunate that the WTC did not tip over onto other buildings surrounding the area. There are several points that should be made. First, the building is not solid; it is 95 percent air and, hence, can implode onto itself. Second, there is no lateral load, even the impact of a speeding aircraft, which is sufficient to move the center of gravity one hundred feet to the side such that it is not within the base footprint of the structure. Third, given the near free-fall collapse, there was insufficient time for portions to attain significant lateral velocity. To summarize all of these points, a 500,000 t structure has too much inertia to fall in any direction other than nearly straight down.
Figure 5. Unscaled schematic of WTC floor joints and attachment to columns.
The World Trade Center was not defectively designed. No designer of the WTC anticipated, nor should have anticipated, a 90,000 L Molotov cocktail on one of the building floors. Skyscrapers are designed to support themselves for three hours in a fire even if the sprinkler system fails to operate. This time should be long enough to evacuate the occupants. The WTC towers lasted for one to two hours—less than the design life, but only because the fire fuel load was so large. No normal office fires would fill 4,000 square meters of floor space in the seconds in which the WTC fire developed. Usually, the fire would take up to an hour to spread so uniformly across the width and breadth of the building. This was a very large and rapidly progressing fire (very high heat but not unusually high temperature). Further information about the design of the WTC can be found on the World Wide Web.5–8
The clean-up of the World Trade Center will take many months. After all, 1,000,000 t of rubble will require 20,000 to 30,000 truckloads to haul away the material. The asbestos fire insulation makes the task hazardous for those working nearby. Interestingly, the approximately 300,000 t of steel is fully recyclable and represents only one day’s production of the U.S. steel industry. Separation of the stone and concrete is a common matter for modern steel shredders. The land-filling of 700,000 t of concrete and stone rubble is more problematic. However, the volume is equivalent to six football fields, 6–9 m deep, so it is manageable.
There will undoubtedly be a number of changes in the building codes as a result of the WTC catastrophe. For example, emergency communication systems need to be upgraded to speed up the notice for evacuation and the safest paths of egress. Emergency illumination systems, separate from the normal building lighting, are already on the drawing boards as a result of lessons learned from the WTC bombing in 1993. There will certainly be better fire protection of structural members. Protection from smoke inhalation, energy-absorbing materials, and redundant means of egress will all be considered.
A basic engineering assessment of the design of the World Trade Center dispels many of the myths about its collapse. First, the perimeter tube design of the towers protected them from failing upon impact. The outer columns were engineered to stiffen the towers in heavy wind, and they protected the inner core, which held the gravity load. Removal of some of the outer columns alone could not bring the building down. Furthermore, because of the stiffness of the perimeter design, it was impossible for the aircraft impact to topple the building.
However, the building was not able to withstand the intense heat of the jet fuel fire. While it was impossible for the fuel-rich, diffuse-flame fire to burn at a temperature high enough to melt the steel, its quick ignition and intense heat caused the steel to lose at least half its strength and to deform, causing buckling or crippling. This weakening and deformation caused a few floors to fall, while the weight of the stories above them crushed the floors below, initiating a domino collapse.
It would be impractical to design buildings to withstand the fuel load induced by a burning commercial airliner. Instead of saving the building, engineers and officials should focus on saving the lives of those inside by designing better safety and evacuation systems.
As scientists and engineers, we must not succumb to speculative thinking when a tragedy such as this occurs. Quantitative reasoning can help sort fact from fiction, and can help us learn from this unfortunate disaster. As Lord Kelvin said,
“I often say . . . that when you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot measure it, when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meager and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely, in your thoughts, advanced to the stage of science, whatever the matter may be.”
We will move forward from the WTC tragedy and we will engineer better and safer buildings in the future based, in part, on the lessons learned at the WTC. The reason the WTC collapse stirs our emotions so deeply is because it was an intentional attack on innocent people. It is easier to accept natural or unintentional tragedies; it is the intentional loss of life that makes us fear that some people have lost their humanity.
1. Presentation on WTC Collapse, Civil Engineering Department, MIT, Cambridge, MA (October 3, 2001).
2. D. Drysdale, An Introduction to Fire Dynamics (New York: Wiley Interscience, 1985), pp. 134–140.
3. A.E. Cote, ed., Fire Protection Handbook 17th Edition (Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association, 1992), pp. 10–67.
4. A.E. Cote, ed., Fire Protection Handbook 17th Edition (Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association, 1992), pp. 6-62 to 6-70.
5. Steven Ashley, “When the Twin Towers Fell,” Scientific American Online (October 9, 2001); www.sciam.com/explorations/2001/100901wtc/
6. Zdenek P. Bazant and Yong Zhou, “Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse?—Simple Analysis,” J. Engineering Mechanics ASCE, (September 28, 2001), also www.tam.uiuc.edu/news/200109wtc/
7. Timothy Wilkinson, “World Trade Centre–New York—Some Engineering Aspects” (October 25, 2001), Univ. Sydney, Department of Civil Engineering; www.civil.usyd.edu.au/wtc.htm.
8. G. Charles Clifton, “Collapse of the World Trade Centers,” CAD Headlines, tenlinks.com (October 8, 2001); www.tenlinks.com/NEWS/special/wtc/clifton/p1.htm.
Thomas W. Eagar, the Thomas Lord Professor of Materials Engineering and Engineering Systems, and Christopher Musso, graduate research student, are at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
For more information, contact T.W. Eagar, MIT, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 4-136, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4301; (617) 253-3229; fax (617) 252-1773; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.